Methods for Increasing the Motivation of Language Learners
There’s nothing that can beat authentic motivation to uplift the learning quotient of language students. Well-motivated ESL students learn faster, retain lessons better, discover possibilities to apply lesson principles with greater regularity, and express themselves in English more fluently when compared with students who lack proper motivation.
Early learners are naturally curious and are often compelled to understand more about and engage their environment. As a people age group, however, this natural curiosity tapers off substantially, such that a lot of students in a very conventional classroom environment fight to target the lesson.
As demonstrated in countless studies
motivation in toddlers is practically always quite high. This allows for cognitive, associative, assimilative, and imitative learning at an unparalleled rate. At this stage, learning languages is probably the locations where children exhibit unusual affinity and learning speed. However, as children get older, the intrinsic motivation to understand new skills gets eroded by different external stimuli. Bullying, driving a car to be ostracized by peers when a shot at something fails, and excessive parental restrictions some of the factors that may hamper young students’ learning rates. Eventually, the experience of learning–a process that previously generated pure excitement among toddlers–becomes something more linked to boredom inside a four-cornered classroom. Given this scenario, the intrinsic motivation to understand among many adults is understandably low and subconsciously de-prioritized for externally induced motivation (learning something to help settle the debts, being probably the most prominent).
That said, motivation–regardless of origin–is pivotal in hurdling the challenges associated with language learning. The more motivated ESL students are, the higher they are at absorbing and applying lesson principles. It is therefore important for ESL educators not only to know the nature and properties of motivation but also to consider approaches that assist motivate students to find out English.
Nature of Motivation
To motivate language learners more effectively, ESL educators first have to fully understand the idea of motivation. Different students engage in ESL lessons differently. For one thing, the desire to sign up in classroom dynamics alter from one student to another, with each having their unique reasons or goals so you can get involved with the training process.
Cognitive experts think that students might be motivated in no less than three fundamental ways:
1. Intrinsically motivated –
students who are intrinsically motivated get involved in the learning interaction because of its own sake. Intrinsically motivated students genuinely enjoy the training interaction and feel some form of achievement once the training process is completed.
2. Extrinsically motivated –
students who’re extrinsically motivated participate inside a learning interaction primarily as being a result–or in pursuit–of a factor. Commonly, this factor offers some variants from the reward-punishment principle. This is established within the training of animals, wherein rewards (such as food or tangible expressions of affection/affirmation) and punishment (whip lashes, electric shocks, and confinement) are utilized to goad a dog into performing a task or task created by its human trainer. In human learners, rewards include high grades or acceptance right into a state college while punishments include driving a car of parental reprisals.
3. Motivated to learn –
students who will be motivated to learn are propelled to participate inside a learning interaction by the combination of intrinsic and extrinsic factors. Ordinarily, students that are motivated to master will be more mature in terms of their awareness of the value of learning something and tend to pursue learning no matter if a topic elicits personal enjoyment you aren’t. In one research, being “motivated to understand” implies in-depth involvement in along with a strong persistence for learning a specific subject.
Methods of Establishing and Increasing Motivation
As competent ESL educators know, being aware of the nature of motivation within the context of foreign language learning is simply half the journey. It would be an excellent thing to teach in the classroom full of intrinsically motivated students, but such can be a rare and unlikely thing indeed. It is much more probable for the language teacher to experience a class the location where the roots and a higher level of motivation vary among students. Almost always, there will also be students whose learning progress is hindered by way of a serious deficiency in motivation. Hence, to help students complete the learning journey, ESL educators need to look at the proper approaches to increasing student motivation.
Before going further to the specific approaches, ESL educators must know that their particular motivation and inevitably affect that regarding their students. In the first place, how motivated and committed may be the ESL teacher in instructing foreign language learning? Does the ESL educator truly know very well what she’s looking to impart? Situations wherein ESL teachers usually are not properly motivated eventually translate negatively on the learning progress of students. Simply put, if the language teacher lacks commitment or perhaps poorly motivated, students will have less motivation to master.
Secondly, commitment without the right skills is inadequate. ESL educators must enter into classrooms furnished with the correct teaching skills, tools, and resources to be effective sharers of new knowledge. Lastly, language teachers ought to be aware of the specific needs of these students as a way to engage them more meaningfully. Drawing through the cultural, political, and economic backgrounds of students may help second language teachers design relevant lesson plans and achieve more positive learning outcomes.
Once ESL educators have fully appreciated and also for their roles in the educational dynamic, they can start to apply the different approaches. The techniques are pretty straightforward and then any ESL teacher who may have been engaged within the profession for a long time can simply adopt and customize based on the needs of specific classes. If you are an ESL educator, following these basic guidelines may help you motivate your students better.